REPORT ON PEMBA TRIP 13TH TO 27TH OCTOBER 2017

Committee members: Tom and Carmel McGlacken and Pat O’Doherty spent two weeks in Pemba in October 2017. They hit the ground running and every day was packed with meetings, travel, communications etc. Their brief was to visit and monitor as many projects as possible, break new ground through setting up new projects and prepare people for the arrival of a container of medical/educational equipment which was due to arrive in December. Below is a summary of their work.

 

GOATS

Kengeja project:  20 female goats in communal shed and 4 milk bucks for cross breeding. Cross bred goats give one and a half litres of milk a day and can also be used for meat. Excellent shed and people own the individual goats. Good leadership under Abdalla, great appreciation of the PSI help and great cooperation in a lovely leafy setting.

Vikunguni Goat project: (Sponsored by Femmes d’Europe):  We met, among others, the Chairperson Ali Mbarouk Ali, the Secretary Nasser Suleiman Hemed and the Treasurer Farida. They received 18 meat goats initially. Two have died since their arrived. Seven kids have been born, but two have died. They have a well-constructed small shed and a subdivided larger shed, both with corrugated iron roofs and raised floors. They collect the goat droppings to sell as manure at 3,000Tsh per bag. This group is well organised.

Mtambile goat project: (Sponsored by Femmes d’Europe):   Was visited on Monday 16th October 2017. The Secretary’s wife, Hadia, rounded up eight female goats, which were in very good condition There seemed to be poor communication among the group members. A second meeting was scheduled for Tuesday 24th October 2017. There are 15 in the group and 7 attended.  The group decided that they would like another meeting. Hemed will organise this and will ensure that the Shehe attends.  If chairperson & treasurer do not cooperate they will be asked to leave.

BOPWE GOATS: We went to see Bopwe goats with Gervas. Bopwe got 15 goats. They have a really nice goat shed built. However 6 of them died. 2 sets of twin kids and 2 others also died so they are left with 16 goats.  There are 15 orphans and 5 children with HIV in this group.

Kiuyu Goat Project: This is a major project sponsored by Irish Embassy. Overall this project has been a huge success. The environment is conducive to goats. Although the land is semi-arid they have scrub to eat, and lots of water.  They got 120 females to start and 10 bucks. They now have 273, though 11 died. There has been an increase in economic activity in the village since the goats came.

SMART PROJECTS (Sponsored by the Irish Embassy and Pemba Support)

 KITANDU VEGITABLE GROUP:  Volunteers and Omar Mkubwa visited this project. There are 14 women and 6 men members. Abdalla reported to us that 90% of their income is derived through the PSI project, mainly from the greenhouse constructed from PSI funds and the drip irrigation which is also installed. They obtain three crops each year. In their first crop they harvested 60 buckets of tomatoes, which they sold for 1.5 million Tsh. Other crops were sold for 3.2 million Tsh. They have bored for a well, erected a water tank, use a drip irrigation system and paid a technician, at a cost of 3 million Tsh. They told us that they have 35 goats whose droppings they use for manure. They are very progressive, have excellent leadership within the group and they have many plans for the future.

Tekeleza turkey project, Mavungwa: we were met on the turkey farm by the secretary Mohammed Bakari. They started out with 15 turkeys, 5 were attacked by snakes so they have 10 now. They have sold 200 eggs and kept 50 for hatching. They got 45 chicks, 5 of these died. The remaining chicks were sold in pairs for 40,000 Tsh per pair. With the profit from this they started sunflower and banana plots. There were 20 in the group to start but 5 were expelled because they would not do any work.

 

Gombani soap making project: The volunteers met Siti and Zaitun at this project site. They have a contract with Sunset Beach Hotel for the supply of small soaps. Everything is done by hand. The two varieties of soap which they supply to the hotel have been tested, and have reached the required safety standard. They get 300Tsh for each bar of small soap, and 1,000 Tsh for the larger bar. 10 people work in this project. We then went to visit Siti’s daughter, Fauzia, who has special needs. 

 

Tumbe Chicken Project: They got 100 chickens. They sold 40 and had 60 remaining, 25 died out of the 60 due to chicken pox.  They were very disappointed in the beginning but are OK now.  They bought chicken feed with the profit and had a little for themselves.  They now have 35 big hens, 20 medium hens and 4 chicks.  There are 2 hens brooding.

WINGWI BEE KEEPING GROUP. There are 20 in the group, both men and women. They have 7 new hives with bees and 4 old type hives. They have harvested very little honey as yet. However, they said that they will receive much more in about two months after the rainy season. The honey will be sold in the local markets. They have no jars or packaging for their honey.

KIWANI VEGETABLE GROUP: The 20 members farm six acres as a cooperative, growing a variety of vegetables such as tomatoes, cassava, sweet peppers, water melons and onions. They also have a nursery for growing seedlings. Initially they had been renting a small piece of land. They then received 4.5 million from PSI and rented larger piece of land. Since March 2017 they have sold 9 million Tanzanian shillings worth of vegetables. They have rented additional land for 400,000 Tsh and spent 1.6 million on seeds and manure.  They have now purchased the land for 9 million. They have paid out 5 million and still owe 4 million. Overall this is a real success story.

Hindi: This group decided to divide the project between chickens and honey. They bought 100 chickens but 50 died from chickenpox.  They have sold 20 chickens and 200 eggs. They had a profit of 250,000Tsh. They have 10 hives with bees, 7 old ones and 3 modern ones which PSI funded. They have harvested some honey and sold 12 bottles, 20,000Tsh for a 750 ml bottle.

 

EDUCATION

Ten schools are using the computers donated to them by PSI in 2016. The Data projectors are also being used. All secondary schools have an IT specialist and secondary school principals have regular workshops. The Ministry’s application for a major education project for 2018 was discussed. It was agreed that the erection of towers and sealed tanks for 5 primary schools in rural areas would be an excellent project. The schools in question are Fundo, Uvinja, CCK, Mkia and Kipangani.

Schools visited to monitor the computer and book projects of 2017 and assess schools for 2018 computer project:

Makumbeni School (for 2018 computer project):  Computer room is big with lots of space for ten new computers. They have 4 working at the moment with one modem only for staff. They look forward to the arrival of the machines and hope for a data projector. 50 students sat Form 4 exam last year. 30 passed and of those 6 went on to Form 5 in Ulweni sec school in Mkoani.

 Mauwani secondary school: They got 10 computers and are very happy with same. The books provided are in the library and are accessible to staff and students all day and can be borrowed for up to a week. They got 109 books. Last year 46 students sat Form 4 exam. 42 passed and 2 went to Form 5. We attended a well-run class in Excel organized by Hassan.

MWAMBE SCHOOL: The volunteers visited Mwambe Primary School. We met the Headmaster Mr.  Shaibu, who had been at work, with breaks for prayers, since 03.45 and would remain there until 17.45! There are 2641 students in the school. Four female and seven male teachers work in the school in a voluntary capacity and the headmaster also takes 40 periods per week. The school has 25 teachers less than it requires. Many classrooms have but 25 seats with the other students sitting on the floor. Ten latrines, with 3 full to capacity, serve the entire school. Only 3 latrines are working properly. The headmaster gave the reasons for student truancy as: lack of teachers, insufficient parental and teacher commitment, the necessity of child labour, parental lack of education and poverty.

VITONGOJI VOCATIONAL SCHOOL. We met six of the eight students who were part funded by PSI in a Job-bridge programme with ZAWA Water company) and ZECO (Electricity company). Both Mr. Juma and the students expressed their gratitude to PSI for the support they have received. We also met Riberata’s (MADA) two daughters, Salma and Maria as they attended their Food Studies class. They have been fully funded by PSI. They are now in their third and final year of their course.

Madungu Sec. School (Wete): They have five working computers and would like to get nine more. There are 600 students in this school. They offer Form 5 and 6 and have a Science stream. They have 75 students for Form 6. They have 2 data projectors. In 2016 there were 90 in Form 4, 78 in Form 5, 45 in Form 6. 20 went on to university and others into diploma courses.

Shamiani Secondary School (Chake): There are 1,300 students in this school. They have 9 desktop computers here and one laptop, as well as 121 books, all donated by PSI. They have a data projector and are very happy with computers. The books are used for reference. They have 32 teachers. They have 32 students with special needs. In 2016, 250 did Form 4, 137 passed, 15 went on to form 5, 22 sat Form 6, all passed, 4 passed with division 1 and 14 passed with division 2. They were very grateful for both the books and computers.

Chanjamawiri Sec. School (Chake): This is a rural school. They have no computers here at all, but have created a space which will be ideal. They have 610 students, 52 sat Form 4, 25 passed, 6 went on to Form 5. They have no internet. They have lots of books for reference. No IT teacher here but all teachers have knowledge of computers. We felt this school is really deserving of some computers.

Kangagani Sec School (Wete): They have no internet but use a modem, and no data projector. They have a fine place made for the computers. The headmaster was gone to Chake to buy a carpet for the floor! They are going to paint the room.  They have 300 students. 35 sat Form 4 in 2016, 28 passed and 6 went on to Form 5.

 

Chasassa Sec. School (Wete):  This is one of the schools that has already received both computers and books from PSI. They now have 19 computers, 10 from PSI. All are working. We were told that both students and the community may use the computers. There are 993 students ranging from Form 1 to Form 6 in the school. In2016, 118 sat Form 4 and 110 passed.  They have a very impressive library in the school.

Wete Public Library: We visited BWMTTC where Pat and Neilus taught while volunteering with VSO in Wete in 2007 – 2008. The TTC moved from Wete to a new campus in Mchangamdogo so the old college is now the first public library in Wete.

Miti Ulaya Sec. School (Wete): There are 768 students in this school with a female Head Teacher. They have no internet connection. B. Makame told us that they have one IT teacher, Riziki. She will try to locate another computer teacher. 83 students sat Form 4 and 62 passed. 7 students went on to Form 5. The school offers both Science and Arts streams.

Wete Teacher Centre: Met Ali the Head. They offer courses to teachers and the 7 supervisors go to schools to check progress. Ali was glad to hear that we are installing water tanks in remote schools. 

Konde Sec. School (Micheweni): This school has received computers and books from PSI. All are used during and after school by staff and students including outside students, who are studying for Open University. 15 computers are available to students which were donated by PSI and ministry. Total number of students is 1105 in Form 1 – 4. In 2016, 110 sat Form 4 exam – 64 passed and 4 went to Form 5. 

 Msuka Sec. School (Micheweni): This school was most impressive in its preparations for receiving computers from PSI. They have a large room ready and several new power points installed. There are 478 students enrolled. The school caters for students from Form 1 to Form 6. In 2016, 38 students sat Form 5 and 31 passed. 3 students were offered a place in Form 6. There are two IT teachers.

Micheweni Sec School:  This school was earmarked for computers from PSI. It has 768 students on its rolls. However, as they have already received five computers from an American group, Universal Communication Service Access Fund (UCSAF), Mr. Mkubwa has decided not to grant them more. He will allocate them to another school

CCK Prim. Sec. Schools and TTC (Micheweni): They have 266 sec students F 1 – 6 and 288 trainee teachers – mostly boarding. In 2016, 33 of F 6 students sat exam. 27 got to Uni. Mkubwa told them about the water tower and washing area that PSI is funding in their Primary school.

Wingwi Sec. School (Wete): They have 1267 students. They have 30 teachers but are 8 short – Form 1 – 4.   In 2016, 97 sat F4 exam. 50 passed and 7 have gone to F5. They have a small science stream. They took us to a dusty room partitioned, with 5 computers squashed into one section. They said that computers are used by clubs and some staff. The floor covering was broken and worn.  Mkubwa got very stern. He gave them one week to remove the partition and get new floor covering

Vikunguni School: The staff were delighted with the 3 science books that we brought. They have no computer in the school. Mwaka took us to store where we saw the science equipment that she has bought from PSI funding. PSI has also recently funded a water project at the school. The water tower and taps are all in place. The community also use the water so all are delighted.

DAIRY COW PROJECTS (Sponsored by BOTHAR and PSI):

Hamza told us about a new project sponsored by Heifer International. The project is called Dairy Hub Integration Model Project (DHIMP). It is a 3 year project operating in Tanzania and Rwanda. The idea is to organize groups of Dairy farmers with crossbred and/or local cows and to register them with Heifer Int. Right now there are 6 groups registered.  All PSI projects except Makangale are registered.

Heifer International will provide training for the farmers to increase milk production by 30%. The idea is to establish a common market for the milk. The dairy hubs will be owned by the farmers and supported by Heifer for 2 years. The hubs will be a big collection centre with AI services and feeds etc. available there. The Azam Company is processing milk in Unguja now and is producing powdered milk. If Pemba milk is at the required standard, Azam will take all the milk. Hubs will also make some yogurt, ghee and butter. Farmers will have direct market for milk and services. All farmers will be members and will share in the profits. Hamza is the overall boss of the project.

MAKANGALE COW PROJECT:  The group now has 8 cows and 8 bull calves. One heifer calf was born but died. They have passed on 7 calves.  They now have milk for family and for sale. They can also sell cow manure. They can upgrade their fishing gear. They were strongly advised to feed their animals properly. The importance of saving grass was again emphasised.

VIKUNGUNI COW PROJECT:  The volunteers visited some cow sheds. The first belonged to Omar and Fatma. They work as a pair with each owning a cow. One cow is pregnant again. They have sown grass which will grow quickly when the imminent rains arrive. They obtain 14 litres of milk per day. Said and Abdalla. had a female calf. They obtain 10 litres of milk per day. Zuena and Hamisi Ali have a cow which had produced two female calves. They have planted Napier grass and appear to be very successful. Robert’s cow produced a bull calf which he sold to buy drugs for his illness. His cow gives nine litres of milk in a day.

 

 MIZINGANI COWS: Two sections to the project……Mizingani before Mtambile (9 farmers) and Kichunjuu beyond Mtambile (11 farmers). They are at the early stage of development with training and shed building.  All 40 farmers attended 2-day training with Omar Othman (our ex-student) and Abdalla Hamadi (DLD instructor in the area). They meet every 2 weeks either as 2 groups or all together. In Kichunjuu we met about 6 farmers and saw one shed. Again excellent shed. We are concerned at the lack of grass and no preparation for dry season. Rains are about to begin and there will be plenty of grass by December when cows should come.

 

KINYKANI COW PROJECT: The project began in 2016. The first phase involved 20 families, 11 men and 9 women, who were given a cow. With “pass on the gift” 40 families will eventually benefit. Fifteen cows have calved down already and they produce 3000 litres of milk per month. They sell about 1440 litres and receive about 1,440,000Tsh per month. Twelve calves, worth about, 3,600,000 Tsh have been born. Another benefit is that families can consume milk and benefit health-wise. They can also use the cow dung for vegetables such as bananas and cassava. The project has also brought employment to the community.

 

 

HEALTH:

 

 Mkoani hospital: There is a shortage of staff despite the good facilities and 8 doctors from China. Now the Chinese doctors have only 1 year contracts which is disruptive. They cover general surgery, obstetrics, medicine, paediatrics, maternity and gynaecology. People have free health care and food in hospital IF it is available. They have drugs from China and the government supplies some. They are very grateful for the orthopaedic surgical drill from Dr Aiden.

 

Meeting with Dr Siti (optometrist) in Chake: Cataracts and glaucoma are the two biggest eye conditions she encounters. These can be treated in Pemba. There was an eye camp in Mkoani last week run by CCBRT. Dr Siti is having a problem with her ophthalmoscope. On our way out from the meeting we met some Saudi Arabian surgeons. They are 12 of them in Pemba for 10 days.  They had performed 99 surgeries in five days!

FAMILY IN OLE: We next visited a family in Ole at the request of Asha Faki. In this family there is a mother Raya, who has 3 of her adult children living with her. Mbarouk, aged 51 has crushed vertebrae, following an accident and is in a lot of pain. He lies on a mattress all day and has to go to India for surgery. This will cost in the region of 4,000 Euro. The next one is Muhere who has a complicated fracture of the femur. The third one is Zuena, aged 54 who has lost the power in her legs, barely able to lift her arms and has goitre. She is extremely thin and weak. It could be due to stroke. Raya is also caring for three orphaned grandchildren. Later we gave Asha 200,000Tsh to buy 10 hens and an exotic cock for that family.

PSI TRIP TO MAKUNDENI LEPER VILLAGE: The pump sponsored by St Francis leprosy Guild is working perfectly. The inhabitants are very happy with the system. The inhabitants also have twenty cows, supplied by Korea with plenty of fodder growing nearby. We then visited the drip irrigation system to the banana plantation of 650 flourishing mixed variety banana plants. The bananas are interspersed with other plants such as cassava and egg plants. The project is now finished and has been a great success.  We brought gifts of rice, oil and sweets to the village.

Meeting with Dr Makame: Dr Makame is the chief surgeon in Chake Hospital.  His has a great need for surgical instruments especially for obstetrics and gynaecology but he would be delighted with any surgical instruments as long as they were functioning. He does club feet, caesarean sections, urology etc. They have a working x ray machine. There is no qualified dentist in Pemba. He did his first degree in Russia for 7 years and specialized in surgery in Dar for 4 years

 

MAJOR PROJECTS FOR 2018:

  1. Farm integration project in Kukuu and Kendwa.

Kukuu cow and banana plantation: This is one half of a project. There were 20 in the group. There are 12 women and 7 men. They have 2 to 3 acres which they are going to clear, dig holes and put in manure. They will plant 1000 banana plants to start with.  Asha advised them that big bananas are best and she assured them that Hamza and herself will visit regularly. They have applied to PSI for drip irrigation for 2 acres. They have tap water. The cows will be kept at the very edge of this plot. They will build a cow shed here, and cows will be fed banana leaves as part of their diet.  Manure will fertilize the banana plants.

Kiwani, Kendwa cow and veg growing project: This is the other half of above project. There are 18 in the group, 10 women and 8 men. They will grow vegetables and keep 2 cows. The land belongs to the government and the Shehe has said that the group can have it. The money from PSI will be used to buy cows, prepare land, install drip irrigation and buy vegetables. They will grow tomatoes, egg plants, sweet peppers, water melon etc. The land here retains water, so they will be able to use it in dry and rainy seasons. They promised that they will have the cow shed built in a month. It will be built near the houses.

  1. EDUCATION PROJECT: Washing stations for schools project.

The Ministry’s application for a major education project for 2018 was discussed. It was agreed that the erection of towers and sealed tanks for 5 primary schools in rural areas would be an excellent project. The schools in question are Fundo, Uvinja, CCK, Mkia and Kipangani.

 

  1. HEALTH PROJECT:

We discussed the idea of building 5 linked toilets with Mr Mkubwa in Mwambe Primary School. We discussed the idea of digging one big septic to collect from all 5 toilets, taps in each toilet and a washing place outside the toilets. Mkubwa agreed to seek advice from engineers from two different departments and he will work on the budget He told us that there are about 92 secondary schools with an average of 1200 in each school and 130 primary schools with an average of 1200 in each. He informed us that only 3 toilets are working in Mwambe primary school at present while the total school population is over 3,200.

  1. PROJECT TO SUPPORT SMALL CHRISTIAN COMMUNITIES:

Meetings were held with Fr Zeno in Chake as how best to support his community. It was decided to (a) use some money to help pay for new seating for the church in Chake, (b) support 10 poor women to set up small chicken farms with 10 hens and an exotic cock and (c) to fund some basic office equipment for the parish office.

CONTAINER

At meetings with the Departments of Health and Education, the volunteers went through the list of equipment which will be sent from Ireland on November 8th 2017. They explained that all equipment for Dept. of Education will be marked with an E and all equipment for Dept. of Health will be marked with a H. The company AZAM, will load the equipment from the container onto their lorries when it arrives in Unguja and transport it to the relevant ministries in Pemba. All taxes and the cost of AZAM will be paid for by the ministry which Mr. Mkubwa will organise.

Meeting at Chake hospital:

Present were anaesthetist Atik, senior radiographer Alawi, Dr Ali GP and general manager, Mr Makame, general surgeon, Zawadi, new secretary. The list of contents for container was discussed and a copy was given. They were very appreciative of the help. While in Pemba the volunteers held two meetings with PSO, our sister organization in Pemba. They also communicated with the local priests, Kassim, the flight agent, Ibrahim, our friend with cerebral palsy and many others too numerous to mention.

The volunteers left Pemba on 25th and spent nearly two days meeting people in Dar es Salaam.

 

  1. Irish Embassy visit

We visited the Irish Embassy and met Mr. Richard Hull. He is second secretary and hails from Belfast.  We gave him a comprehensive report of PSI’s work and achievements in Pemba, with particular reference, but not exclusively, to projects supported by the Irish Embassy. He was familiar with PSI’s work but he has not visited Pemba.  He congratulated PSI on the deep well, the drip irrigation and the planting of 660 banana plants in Makundeni village with Leprosy. We briefed him in on the small agri projects the Embassy had supported also. Coffee was served and photographs taken there.

  1. GLRA: At GLRA office were met by Burchard and Grace. They had visited Pemba in August 2017. They are very concerned about the houses in Makundeni. The government owns the land in Makundeni. It is not recommended that new houses be built there. People should be integrated into the community. They were delighted with the Agricultural programme, and advised the people to save a little money for electricity. They said the water situation is good and congratulated PSI on both those projects. The policy of the government now is that nobody should search for new cases of leprosy but with education people should be able to self-suspect and get referred for treatment. WHO feel that Leprosy has now passed in Pemba and they have to concern themselves with other infectious diseases. Future Plans: GLRA is to stop supporting small projects from start of 2018 in Pemba and Unguja.
  2. REPORT ON MEETING WITH MR MOHOMMED OTHMAN IN DAR:

We met Mr Moh’d (from Pemba) in Atiman House. He first explained his present status in the Dept. of Health. He had been manager of the hospitals in Pemba but there has been a change. Re the container, we went down through the current list of items from the hospital. Both Mkubwa and Moh’d should be named as the people responsible for clearance etc. He said that equipment will be shared with Wete hospital if not needed in Chake. Ministry won’t charge import duty said Moh’d. When container arrives in Unguja, both Moh’d and Mkubwa will manage the transport to Pemba and the distribution of items.

  1. PSI VISIT TO HEIFER INTERNATIONAL:

Leticia Mpuya, the Country Director was absent due to illness. We met Lazaro Kapela, who is the Animal Well Being Manager and a Vet by profession. Kajula Castro, the Enterprise Development Manager also attended. Having explained that we were from Ireland, we briefed them on PSI’s many and varied projects in Pemba over the past ten years. They were interested in learning about our work, especially our work with cows and the bringing of 7000 AI straws from Ireland to Pemba. They explained that Heifer’s aim is Capacity Building and to ensure that Sustainable Development is a reality.